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Mol Endocrinol. 2003 Nov;17(11):2268-82. Epub 2003 Aug 7.

Src mediates prolactin-dependent proliferation of T47D and MCF7 cells via the activation of focal adhesion kinase/Erk1/2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathways.

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1
Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas A Sols, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

Prolactin (PRL) stimulates breast cancer cell proliferation; however, the involvement of PRL-activated signaling molecules in cell proliferation is not fully established. Here we studied the role of c-Src on PRL-stimulated proliferation of T47D and MCF7 breast cancer cells. We initially observed that PRL-dependent activation of focal adhesion kinase (Fak), Erk1/2, and cell proliferation was mediated by c-Src in T47D cells, because expression of a dominant-negative form of c-Src (SrcDM, K295A/Y527F) blocked the PRL-dependent effects. The Src inhibitor PP1 abrogated PRL-dependent in vivo activation of Fak, Erk1/2, p70S6K, and Akt and the proliferation of T47D and MCF7 cells; Janus kinase 2 (Jak2) activation was not affected. However, in vitro, Fak and Jak2 kinases were not directly inhibited by PP1, demonstrating the effect of PP1 on c-Src kinase as an upstream activator of Fak. Expression of Fak mutant Y397F abrogated PRL-dependent activation of Fak, Erk1/2, and thymidine incorporation, but had no effect on p70S6K and Akt kinases. MAPK kinase 1/2 (Mek1/2) inhibitor PD184352 blocked PRL-induced stimulation of Erk1/2 and cell proliferation; however, p70S6K and Akt activation were unaffected. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 abolished cell proliferation and activation of p70S6K and Akt; however, PRL-dependent activation of Erk1/2 was not modified. Moreover, we show that both c-Src/PI3K and c-Src/Fak/Erk1/2 pathways are involved in the up-regulation of c-myc and cyclin d1 expression mediated by PRL. The previous findings suggest the existence of two PRL-dependent signaling cascades, initiated by the c-Src-mediated activation of Fak/Erk1/2 and PI3K pathways that, subsequently, control the expression of c-Myc and cyclin D1 and the proliferation of T47D and MCF7 breast cancer cells.

PMID:
12907754
DOI:
10.1210/me.2002-0422
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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