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Polypropylene hollow fiber for cells isolation: methods for evaluation of diffusive transport and quality of cells encapsulation.

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Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.


Formulation of membrane properties is important prior the successful implantation of encapsulated cells producing therapeutically relevant compounds. The purpose of our study was to specify the methods allowing preliminary evaluation of hollow fibers (HF) chosen for immunoisolation. We have selected as estimates (1) diffusive permeability for small and large solutes, and HF cut off (in vitro), (2) histological evaluation of tissue overgrowth after sc. implantation into mice. It was found that diffusive coefficients were linearly dependent on the particle diameter except that of albumin (2-3 times higher than theoretically estimated). This discrepancy imply that for certain particles the interaction with membrane material may be significant. The histological evaluation showed that siliconized HF implanted for 105 days were accepted (there was thin fibrotic layer on the external surface of the HF, no surrounding haemopoietic cells were found). It is concluded that proposed methods for preliminary evaluation of hollow fibers chosen for immunoisolation seems to be reliable and suitable for testing diffusive permeability of each relevant cell product.

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