Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gastroenterology. 1992 Jan;102(1):280-6.

Renal insensitivity to atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Effect of increasing systemic arterial pressure.

Author information

  • 1Liver Unit, Hospital Clínic i Provincial, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Abstract

The IV infusion of pharmacological doses (0.05 microgram.kg-1.min-1) of atrial natriuretic peptide to 16 patients with cirrhosis and ascites induced a significant increase in sodium excretion (65 +/- 23 to 517 +/- 231 mu Eq/min), urine volume (10.7 +/- 2.3 to 15.7 +/- 3.7 mL/min), and glomerular filtration rate (89 +/- 4 to 110 +/- 4 mL/min) in only 5 patients (responders). No significant changes in these parameters (15 +/- 6 to 11 +/- 4 mu Eq/min, 5.5 +/- 1.0 to 4.2 +/- 1.1 mL/min, and 81 +/- 5 to 79 +/- 6 mL/min, respectively) were observed in the remaining patients (nonresponders). Compared with responders, nonresponders had significantly lower baseline sodium excretion (P less than 0.02), urine flow (P less than 0.05), free water clearance (2.5 +/- 0.9 vs. 6.9 +/- 2.1 mL/min; P less than 0.05), and mean arterial pressure (82 +/- 3 vs. 96 +/- 2 mm Hg; P less than 0.01) and significantly higher plasma renin activity (16.3 +/- 4.9 vs. 1.8 +/- 0.2 ng.mL-1.h-1; P less than 0.05) and aldosterone level (99 +/- 24 vs. 13 +/- 2 ng/dL; P less than 0.05). Atrial natriuretic peptide produced a similar reduction of arterial pressure in both groups. To investigate whether the blunted natriuretic response to atrial natriuretic peptide in nonresponders was caused by their lower arterial pressure, atrial natriuretic peptide was infused in 7 of these patients after increasing their arterial pressure to the levels of responders with nonrepinephrine. The increase in arterial pressure (from 81 +/- 5 to 95 +/- 5 mm Hg), which was not associated with significant changes in plasma renin activity and aldosterone concentration, did not reverse the blunted renal response to atrial natriuretic peptide in any of these patients. These results indicate that cirrhotic patients with blunted renal response to atrial natriuretic peptide are characterized by low arterial pressure, marked overactivity of the renin-aldosterone system, and severe sodium and water retention. Correction of hypotension without increasing effective blood volume does not restore renal insensitivity to atrial natriuretic peptide.

PMID:
1290472
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center