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J Immunol. 2003 Aug 15;171(4):2154-60.

Reconstitution of CD8+ T cells by retroviral transfer of the TCR alpha beta-chain genes isolated from a clonally expanded P815-infiltrating lymphocyte.

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Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Graduate School of Medicine, and Division of Cellular Therapy, Advanced Clinical Research Center, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.


Gene transfer of TCR alphabeta-chains into T cells may be a promising strategy for providing valuable T lymphocytes in the treatment of tumors and other immune-mediated disorders. We report in this study the reconstitution of CD8(+) T cells by transfer of TCR alphabeta-chain genes derived from an infiltrating T cell into P815. Analysis of the clonal expansion and Vbeta subfamily usage of CD8(+) TIL in the tumor sites demonstrated that T cells using Vbeta10 efficiently infiltrated and expanded clonally. The TCR alpha- and beta-chain sequences derived from a tumor-infiltrating CD8(+)/Vbeta10(+) single T cell clone (P09-2C clone) were simultaneously determined by the RT-PCR/single-strand conformational polymorphism method and the single-cell PCR method. When P09-2C TCR alphabeta-chain genes were retrovirally introduced into CD8(+) T cells, the reconstituted T cells positively lysed the P815 tumor cells, but not the A20, EL4, or YAC-1 cells, in vitro. In addition, the CTL activity was blocked by the anti-H2L(d) mAb. Furthermore, T cells containing both TCR alpha- and beta-chains, but not TCR beta-chain alone, accumulated at the tumor-inoculated site when the reconstituted CD8(+) T cells were adoptively transferred to tumor-bearing nude mice. These findings suggest that it is possible to reconstitute functional tumor-specific CD8(+) T cells by transfer of TCR alphabeta-chain genes derived from TIL, and that such T cells might be useful as cytotoxic effector cells or as a vehicle for delivering therapeutic agents.

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