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Lancet Oncol. 2003 Aug;4(8):472-80.

Neuroblastoma: biology and molecular and chromosomal pathology.

Author information

1
Division of Tumour Genetics, German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelberg, Germany. m.schwab@dkfz.de <m.schwab@dkfz.de>

Abstract

Neuroblastoma is the most frequently occurring solid tumour in children, with an incidence of 1.3 cases per 100000 children aged 0-14 years. Despite many advances during the past three decades, neuroblastoma has remained an enigmatic challenge to clinical and basic scientists. 20 years ago, the MYCN gene was found to be amplified in neuroblastomas, and research since then has focused on the search for other genetic markers. It has emerged that neuroblastoma cells, like cells of many other tumour types, often suffer from extensive, non-random genetic damage at multiple genetic loci. Elucidation of the exact molecular make-up of neuroblastomas will enable researchers to analyse how much specific markers, alone or in combination, can help to stratify disease in prospective studies; at present, stratification is based on age, stage, MYCN, and Shimada pathology. Neuroblastoma may be one of the first examples of the use of genetic tumour markers as a tool for defining tumour behaviour and to aid clinical staging.

PMID:
12901961
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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