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Prev Vet Med. 2003 Aug 28;60(3):227-35.

Associations between leptospiral infection and seropositivity in rodents and environmental characteristics in Argentina.

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Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades, Respiratorias E. Coni, Administración Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud, Blas Parera 8260, 3000 Santa Fe, Argentina.


Our objective was to look for associations between leptospiral infection in rodents and selected environmental and rodent characteristics in Santa Fe, Argentina. Rodents (n = 214) were trapped alive from January 1998 to December 1999 in three environmental settings. Kidneys from 118 rodents were cultured and serum samples from 201 were processed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Logistic regression was performed with ELISA seropositivity as the dependent variable and rodent characteristics were offered as independent variables. Overall prevalence of positive ELISA reactions was 42% (84/201). In urban areas, leptospiral isolations belonged to the Ballum serogroup; in natural corridors, they belonged to the Icterohaemorragiae serogroup. M. musculus (house mouse) was the most-frequently captured species and the predominant one in urban areas. Most isolates and seropositivity results were obtained on this species. Adults and subadults had higher seroprevalences than juvenile rodents. Oligoryzomys flavescens had higher seroprevalence than Akodon azarae, Mus musculus, Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus.

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