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Life Sci. 2003 Sep 5;73(16):2029-45.

Major royal jelly protein 3 modulates immune responses in vitro and in vivo.

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Fujisaki Institute, Hayashibara Biochemical Laboratories, Inc., 675-1 Fujisaki, 702-8006 Okayama, Japan.


We have recently shown that royal jelly has potent antiallergic properties in a mouse model of immediate hypersensitivity. However, it is still unclear which components of royal jelly exhibit antiallergic activity. In this study, we have screened for antiallergic factors in royal jelly based on inhibition of IL-4 production by anti-CD3 stimulated spleen cells derived from OVA/alum-immunized mice. Using a series of column chromatographies, we purified a 70 kDa glycoprotein, major royal jelly protein 3 (MRJP3), that suppresses IL-4 production. In in vitro experiments, MRJP3 suppressed the production of not only IL-4 but also that of IL-2 and IFN-gamma by T cells concomitant with inhibition of proliferation. The MRJP3-mediated suppression of IL-4 production was also evident when lymph node cells from OVA/alum-immunized mice were stimulated with OVA plus antigen presenting cells. We next examined the purified suppressive factor on OVA/alum-induced allergic responses in mice. Interestingly, in spite of the antigenicity of MRJP3 itself as an extraneous foreign protein, intraperitoneal administration of MRJP3 inhibited serum anti-OVA IgE and IgG1 levels in immunized mice. In addition, heat-treated soluble MRJP3 treatment reduced its antigenicity while maintaining its inhibitory effects on antibody responses to OVA. These results indicate that MRJP3 can exhibit potent immunoregulatory effects in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, considering the intriguing immunomodulatory effects of MRJP3, it may be of clinical significance to design MRJP3-derived antiallergic peptides by identifying the associated polypeptide regions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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