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Regul Pept. 1992 Dec 11;42(3):153-62.

Presence and release of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide in granulosa cells of the pig ovarian follicle.

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Department of Physiology, Jeonbug National University Medical School, Republic of Korea.


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been reported to be locally synthesized in the ovary although its physiological roles are still unknown. To define the origin of ovarian ANP, we demonstrated the presence and release of immunoreactive (ir) ANP in pig granulosa cells and characterized its biochemical properties. Serial dilution curves made with the extracts of pig granulosa cells, their perfusates and follicular fluid were paralleled to the standard curve of ANP. The amount of irANP in the granulosa cell was 2 fg/cell. The total amount of irANP in granulosa cells significantly correlated with the levels of irANP in follicular fluid. Additionally, the total content of irANP in the follicle negatively correlated with the follicular size. On reverse phase HPLC, the major form of irANP in granulosa cells and follicular fluid was high molecular weight but that in perfusate was low molecular weight. In Northern blot analysis, ANP mRNA was detected in the pig granulosa cells. Immunohistochemistry showed ANP prohormone location in granulosa cells of rat ovary. These data strongly suggest that the granulosa cells synthesize and secrete ANP.

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