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Biochemistry. 2003 Aug 12;42(31):9365-73.

Sequence gamma 377-395(P2), but not gamma 190-202(P1), is the binding site for the alpha MI-domain of integrin alpha M beta 2 in the gamma C-domain of fibrinogen.

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Joseph J. Jacobs Center for Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Department of Molecular Cardiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.


The interaction between the leukocyte integrin alpha(M)beta(2) (CD11b/CD18, Mac-1, CR3) and fibrinogen mediates the recruitment of phagocytes during the inflammatory response. Previous studies demonstrated that peptides P2 and P1, duplicating gamma 377-395 and gamma 190-202 sequences in the gamma C domain of fibrinogen, respectively, blocked the fibrinogen-binding function of alpha(M)beta(2), implicating these sequences as possible binding sites for alpha(M)beta(2). To determine the role of these sequences in integrin binding, recombinant wild-type and mutant gamma C domains were prepared, and their interactions with the alpha(M)I-domain, a ligand recognition domain within alpha(M)beta(2), were tested. Deletion of gamma 383-411 (P2-C) and gamma 377-411 produced gamma C mutants which were defective in binding to the alpha(M)I-domain. In contrast, alanine mutations of several residues in P1 did not affect alpha(M)I-domain binding, and simultaneous mutations in P1 and deletion of P2 did not decrease the binding function of gamma C further. Verifying the significance of P2, inserting P2-C and the entire P2 into the homologous position of the beta C-domain of fibrinogen imparted the higher alpha(M)I-domain binding ability to the chimeric proteins. To further define the molecular requirements for the P2-C activity, synthetic peptides derived from P2-C and a peptide array covering P2-C have been analyzed, and a minimal recognition motif was localized to gamma(390)NRLTIG(395). Confirming a critical role of this sequence, the cyclic peptide NRLTIG retained full activity inherent to P2-C, with Arg and Leu being important residues. Thus, these data demonstrate the essential role of the P2, but not P1, sequence for binding of gamma C by the alpha(M)I-domain and suggest that the adhesive function of P2 depends on the minimal recognition motif NRLTIG.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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