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Acta Oncol. 2003;42(4):294-303.

Chemotherapy and antiangiogenesis--drug-specific, dose-related effects.

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1
Department of Oncology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.

Abstract

Dose-response effects of fluorouracil, paclitaxel, doxorubicin, cisplatin, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide and etoposide on VEGF165/164-mediated angiogenesis using the rat mesenteric-window angiogenesis assay are reported. VEGF is a pivotal pro-angiogenic factor in most tumors. Microvessel spatial extension, density, pattern formation and segment length were assessed quantitatively and objectively. A single i.v. injection of each drug was given at a low, intermediate or high dose, 7 days before sacrifice. All the drugs elicited significant responses in terms of one or more measured variables. Only paclitaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide significantly suppressed the overall angiogenic response (p < or = 0.0001, p < or = 0.0002 and p < or = 0.05, respectively), however. Taking toxicity into account, paclitaxel was more potent in inhibition of angiogenesis than the other agents. No clear correlation was found between drug half-life, the degree of toxic effects (in terms ofbody weight changes) and the antiangiogenic effect. The antiangiogenic effects were distinctly drug specific.

PMID:
12899500
DOI:
10.1080/02841860310001835
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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