Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetologia. 2003 Oct;46(10):1319-23. Epub 2003 Jul 29.

Gemfibrozil considerably increases the plasma concentrations of rosiglitazone.

Author information

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.



Our aim was to investigate possible interaction between gemfibrozil and rosiglitazone, a thiazolidinedione antidiabetic drug.


In a randomised crossover study with two phases, 10 healthy volunteers took 600 mg gemfibrozil or placebo orally twice daily for 4 days. On day 3, they ingested a single 4 mg dose of rosiglitazone. Plasma rosiglitazone and its N-desmethyl metabolite concentrations were measured for up to 48 h.


Gemfibrozil raised the mean area under the plasma rosiglitazone concentration-time curve (AUC) 2.3-fold (range 1.5- to 2.8-fold; p=0.00002) and prolonged the elimination half-life (t(1/2)) of rosiglitazone from 3.6 to 7.6 h ( p=0.000002). The peak plasma rosiglitazone concentration (C(max)) was increased only 1.2-fold (range 0.9- to 1.6-fold; p=0.01) by gemfibrozil, but gemfibrozil raised the plasma rosiglitazone concentration measured 24 h after dosing (C(24)) 9.8-fold (range, 4.5- to 33.6-fold; p=0.00008). In addition, gemfibrozil prolonged the t(max) of N-desmethylrosiglitazone from 7 to 12 h and reduced the N-desmethylrosiglitazone/rosiglitazone AUC(0-48) ratio by 38% ( p<0.01).


Gemfibrozil raises the plasma concentrations of rosiglitazone probably by inhibiting the CYP2C8-mediated biotransformation of rosiglitazone. Co-administration of gemfibrozil, or another potent inhibitor of CYP2C8, and rosiglitazone could increase the efficacy but also the risk of concentration-dependent adverse effects of rosiglitazone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center