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Genome. 2003 Aug;46(4):716-23.

Rapid genomic changes in interspecific and intergeneric hybrids and allopolyploids of Triticeae.

Author information

1
Eastern Ceral and Oilseed Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ittawa, ON, Canada. fedakga@agr.gc.ca

Abstract

Allopolyploidy is preponderant in plants, which often leads to speciation. Some recent studies indicate that the process of wide hybridization and (or) genome doubling may induce rapid and extensive genetic and epigenetic changes in some plant species and genomic stasis in others. To further study this phenomenon, we analyzed three sets of synthetic allopolyploids in the Triticeae by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) using a set of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and retrotransposons as probes. It was found that 40-64.7% of the ESTs detected genomic changes in the three sets of allopolyploids. Changes included disappearance of parental hybridization fragment(s), simultaneous appearance of novel fragment(s) and loss of parental fragment(s), and appearance of novel fragment(s). Some of the changes occurred as early as in the F1 hybrid, whereas others occurred only after allopolyploid formation. Probing with retrotransposons revealed numerous examples of disappearance of sequences. No gross chromosome structural changes or physical elimination of sequences were found. It is suggested that DNA methylation and localized recombination at the DNA level were probably the main causes for the genomic changes. Possible implications of the genomic changes for allopolyploid genome evolution are discussed.

PMID:
12897878
DOI:
10.1139/g03-049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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