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Pediatrics. 2003 Aug;112(2):440-5.

Prevention of drowning in infants, children, and adolescents.

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  • 1American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention


Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related death in children. In 2000, more than 1400 US children younger than 20 years drowned. Most (91%) of these deaths were unintentional and were not related to boating. For each drowning death, it is estimated that at least 1 to 4 children suffer a serious nonfatal submersion event, many of which leave children with permanent disabilities. Environmental strategies, such as installation of 4-sided fences around swimming pools, and behavioral strategies, such as increased supervision of children while around water, are needed to prevent these tragedies.

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