Send to

Choose Destination
J Lipid Res. 2003 Oct;44(10):1992-7. Epub 2003 Aug 1.

Studies on the metabolic fate of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Author information

Departments of Clinical Chemistry and Pediatrics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Several different processes involved in the metabolic fate of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) and its precursor in the biosynthesis route, C24:6n-3, were studied. In cultured skin fibroblasts, the oxidation rate of [1-14C] 24:6n-3 was 2.7 times higher than for [1-14C]22:6n-3, whereas [1-14C]22:6n-3 was incorporated 7 times faster into different lipid classes than was [1-14C]24:6n-3. When determining the peroxisomal acyl-CoA oxidase activity, similar specific activities for C22:6(n-3)-CoA and C24:6(n-3)-CoA were found in mouse kidney peroxisomes. Thioesterase activity was measured for both substrates in mouse kidney peroxisomes as well as mitochondria, and C22:6(n-3)-CoA was hydrolyzed 1.7 times faster than C24:6(n-3)-CoA. These results imply that the preferred metabolic fate of C24:6(n-3)-CoA, after its synthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is to move to the peroxisome, where it is beta-oxidized, producing C22:6(n-3)-CoA. This DHA-CoA then preferentially moves back, probably as free fatty acid, to the ER, where it is incorporated into membrane lipids.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center