Send to

Choose Destination
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003 Aug 7;1614(2):211-9.

Zinc uptake across the apical membrane of freshwater rainbow trout intestine is mediated by high affinity, low affinity, and histidine-facilitated pathways.

Author information

School of Health and Life Sciences, King's College, London, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NN, UK.


Zinc is both a vital nutrient and an important toxicant to aquatic biota. In order to understand the interplay between nutrition and toxicity, it will be important to determine the mechanisms and the factors that regulate zinc uptake. The mechanism of apical intestinal Zn(II) uptake in freshwater rainbow trout and its potential modification by the complexing amino acid histidine was investigated using brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs). Following characterisation of the BBMV preparation, zinc uptake in the absence of histidine was both time- and concentration-dependent and consisted of two components. A saturable phase of uptake was described by an affinity constant of 57+/-17 microM and a transport capacity of 1867+/-296 nmol mg membrane protein(-1) min(-1). At higher zinc levels (>500 microM) a linear, diffusive component of uptake was evident. Zinc transport was also temperature-dependent, with Q10 values suggesting zinc uptake was a carrier-mediated process. Zinc uptake by vesicles in the presence of histidine was correlated to a mono-histidine species (Zn(His)+) at all Zn(II) concentrations examined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center