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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2003 Aug-Sep;69(2-3):87-97.

Phospholipase A(2).

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  • 1Division of Cell Biology, National Cancer Institute-INCA, R AndrĂ© Cavalcanti 37, Centro, Rio de Janeiro 20231-050, Brazil.


Considerable progress has been made in characterizing the individual participant enzymes and their relative contributions in the generation of eicosanoids, lipid mediators derived from arachidonic acid, such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes. However, the role of individual phospholipase (PL) A(2) enzymes in providing arachidonic acid to the downstream enzymes for eicosanoid generation in biologic processes has not been fully elucidated. In this review, we will provide an overview of the classification of the families of PLA(2) enzymes, their putative mechanisms of action, and their role(s) in eicosanoid generation and inflammation.

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