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Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2003 Jun;39(6):348-51.

[Effects of pirenzepine on lens-induced myopia in the guinea-pig].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Ophthalmology, Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200031.



To determine the efficacy of the M(1)-selective muscarinic antagonist, pirenzepine, in preventing lens-induced myopia in the guinea-pig and to study the mechanism and the possibility of treatment of myopia with pirenzepine.


Fifteen 4-week-old guinea-pigs were monocularly fitted with -10.00 D lenses for a period of 11 days. In Group I (n = 7), both eyes received topical administration of 0.24% saline vehicle as the controls. In Group II (n = 8), the lens-fitted eyes were topically treated with 10% pirenzepine, while the other eyes received the vehicle control. Ocular refraction and biometric measurements were collected on the first and the 11th days. All eyes were finally enucleated for histopathological examination to evaluate the possible toxic effects of pirenzepine.


In Group I, 11 days of lens-fitting produced -2.45 D myopia (t = 3.141, P < 0.05) with 0.05 mm elongation of axial dimension (t = 2.500, P < 0.05) as compared to the contralateral eyes. There were no significantly differences of refractive error and axial dimensions between the experimental eyes and the controls in Group II. Histological examinations revealed no obviously toxic effects in the pirenzepine-treated eyes.


Topical administration of the M(1)-selective muscarinic antagonist, pirenzepine, prevents lens-induced experimental myopia in guinea-pig by inhibiting the elongation of axial dimension with no obvious damage to the ocular tissues.

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