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Anticancer Res. 2003 May-Jun;23(3A):2035-41.

T-antigen of human polyomavirus JC cooperates withIGF-IR signaling system in cerebellar tumors of the childhood-medulloblastomas.

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1
Center for Neurovirology and Cancer Biology, Temple University, 1900 North 12th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA.

Abstract

Polyomaviruses are implicated in a number of cancers, and the transforming activity of their early protein, large T-antigen, has been documented in a variety of cell types and in experimental animals (1). Although the pathways by which T-antigen induces uncontrolled cell growth are not fully defined, T-antigen mediated inactivation of tumor suppressors, p53 and pRB, is well-documented in some malignancies (2). Here we postulate that functional interaction between the insulin-like growth factor (IGF-IR) and the T-antigen of human polyomavirus JC (JCV T-antigen) may contribute to the process of malignant transformation in medulloblastomas: (i) the IGF-IR signaling system is strongly activated in medulloblastoma cell lines and medulloblastoma biopsies; (ii) the cytoplasmic protein, insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1), is translocated to the nucleus in the presence of JCV T-antigen; (iii) molecular characterization of the interaction between IRS-1 and JCV T-antigen indicates that the binding involves the N-terminal portion of IRS-1 (PH/PTB domain) and the C-terminal region of JCV T-antigen (aa 411-628); and finally (iv) competition for the IRS-1-JCV T-antigen binding attenuates anchorage-independent growth of T-antigen positive medulloblastoma cells in culture. Based on these findings, we propose a novel role for IRS-1 in JCV T-antigen-mediated deregulation of cellular equilibrium, which may involve uncoupling of IRS-1 from the surface receptor and translocation of its function to the nuclear compartment of the cell.

PMID:
12894576
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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