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Anticancer Res. 2003 May-Jun;23(3B):2681-90.

Effect of MDR1 phosphorothioate antisense oligodeoxynucleotides in multidrug-resistant human tumor cell lines and xenografts.

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Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Research Institute, Miami, Children's Hospital, Miami, FL, USA.


The effect of MDR1 antisense phosphorothiate oligodeoxynucleotides (S-ODNs) on resistant phenotype was investigated in multidrug-resistant human colon carcinoma and breast carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Drug resistance in human colon carcinoma (SW620 Ad300) and breast carcinoma (MCF-7/INT500, MCF-7/AD150 and MCF-7/TH) cell lines is predominantly due to overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) resulting in decreased daunorubicin (DNR) accumulation. Two MDR1 antisense S-ODNs, one complementary to the initial 15 bases of first exon (S-ODN I) and the other a loop forming sequence (S-ODN II) complementary to bases from 993-1007 of MDR1 gene, were tested for enhancing the doxorubicin (DOX) cytotoxicity in vitro and the efficiency of chemotherapy in human tumor xenografts. MDR1 antisense S-ODN I reduced the DOX IC50 value 9-fold in multidrug-resistant SW620 Ad300 human colon carcinoma cells and 7 to 10-fold in breast carcinoma cells in vitro. The increase in DOX cytotoxicity correlated with a significant reduction of MDR1 mRNA in antisense S-ODN I-treated SW620 Ad300 cells. Even though the P-gp level was reduced at the end of the third day in antisense S-ODN I-treated cells, the rate of reduction was only partial compared to mRNA. The combination treatment of MDR1 antisense S-ODN I or II for three days and DOX for four days significantly controlled tumor growth rate in human tumors developed in nude mice. Our results suggest that MDR1 antisense S-ODN treatment can increase the efficiency of chemotherapy by suppressing gene expression and resistant phenotype.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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