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J Cell Sci. 2003 Sep 1;116(Pt 17):3453-61.

Myosin VI: two distinct roles in endocytosis.

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  • 1Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California at San Diego, 2129 Bonner Hall, MC 0368, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0368, USA.


Actin is found at the cortex of the cell where endocytosis occurs, but does it play a role in this essential process? Recent studies on the unconventional myosin, myosin VI, an actin-based molecular motor, provide compelling evidence that this myosin and therefore actin is involved in two distinct steps of endocytosis in higher eukaryotes: the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles and the movement of nascent uncoated vesicles from the actin-rich cell periphery to the early endosome. Three distinct adapter proteins--GIPC, Dab2 and SAP97--that associate with the cargo-binding tail domain of myosin VI have been identified. These proteins may recruit myosin VI to its sites of action.

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