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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Dec;285(6):G1259-67. Epub 2003 Jul 31.

A neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist reduces an ongoing ileal pouch inflammation and the response to a subsequent inflammatory stimulus.

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1
Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA.

Abstract

Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is an excellent surgical option for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) requiring colectomy; however, persistent episodes of ileal pouch inflammation, or pouchitis, may result in debilitating postoperative complications. Because considerable evidence implicates substance P (SP) as an inflammatory mediator of CUC, we investigated whether SP participates in the pathophysiology of pouchitis. With the use of a rat model of IPAA that we developed, we showed that ileal pouch MPO levels and neurokinin 1 receptor (NK-1R) protein expression by Western blot analysis were significantly elevated 28 days after IPAA surgery. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry showed that the increase in NK-1R protein expression was localized to the lamina propria and epithelia of pouch ileum. The intraperitoneal administration of the NK-1R antagonist (NK-1RA) CJ-12,255 for 4 days, starting on day 28, was effective in reducing MPO levels. Starting on day 28, animals with IPAA were given 5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in their drinking water for 4 days, which caused histological and physical signs of clinical pouchitis concomitant with significant increases in ileal pouch MPO concentrations as well as NK-1R protein expression by Western blot analysis. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry showed that the increase in NK-1R protein expression was especially evident in crypt epithelia of pouch ileum. When the NK-1RA was administered 1 day before starting DSS and continued for the duration of DSS administration, the physical signs of clinical pouchitis and the rise in MPO were prevented. These data implicate SP in the pathophysiology of pouchitis and suggest that NK-1RA may be of therapeutic value in the management of clinical pouchitis.

PMID:
12893626
DOI:
10.1152/ajpgi.00063.2003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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