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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1992 Dec;30(6):803-10.

Effect of biofilm culture upon the susceptibility of Staphylococcus epidermidis to tobramycin.

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Department of Pharmacy, University of Manchester, UK.


Biofilms of Staphylococcus epidermidis were cultured at various specific growth rates, and susceptibilities to tobramycin were compared with those of equivalent plank-tonic populations. In all instances, susceptibility increased significantly with increasing specific growth rate. However, resuspension of the biofilms increased susceptibility, suggesting some involvement of the glycocalyx in reducing antibiotic permeation of the biofilm. Cells that dispersed spontaneously from the biofilms at steady state were particularly susceptible to this agent. Since such cells correspond to newly-divided daughter cells, the relationship between tobramycin susceptibility and the phase in the division cycle was investigated. Susceptibility was enhanced in cultures dividing synchronously shortly before, during and shortly after cell separation. Perfusion of actively-growing S. epidermidis biofilms with tobramycin also demonstrated increased susceptibility with increasing growth rate, but also showed rapid recovery following removal of the agent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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