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Cancer Lett. 2003 Jul 30;198(1):29-35.

Beta-catenin mutations in liver tumors induced by 2-amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline in CDF1 mice.

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International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon 08, France.


Heterocyclic amines are potent mutagens and carcinogens formed in cooked protein rich foods. In this study, we screened liver tumors induced by 2-amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (MeIQ) in CDF1 mice for beta-catenin and APC mutations and other genetic alterations shown to occur in human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC), including mutations in the p53 and H-ras genes, c-myc amplification and E-cadherin promoter methylation. SSCP followed by direct DNA sequencing revealed mutations in exon 2 of the beta-catenin gene in 2 of 16 liver tumors (12.5%). Promoter methylation of the E-cadherin gene was detected in one liver tumor induced by MeIQ. There were no mutations in the mutation cluster region of the APC gene, in exons 5-8 of the p53 gene, or in codons 12, 13 and 61 of the H-ras gene, nor c-myc amplification in any of liver tumors induced by MeIQ. These data indicate that except for the occasional disruption of the Wnt pathway through beta-catenin mutations, the genetic pathways involved in the development of HCC differ significantly between human liver cancer and tumors induced in mice by MeIQ, but do not rule out the possibility that heterocyclic amines constitute a carcinogenic risk factor in humans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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