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Mol Carcinog. 2003 Aug;37(4):209-21.

Microarray analysis of xenograft-derived cancer cell lines representing multiple experimental models of human prostate cancer.

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Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, San Diego, California 92121, USA.


Expression analysis of 7129 transcripts was carried out in five human prostate cancer cell lines derived from orthotopic xenografts after one to five passages in nude mice and primary cultures of human normal prostate epithelial (NPE) cells. These experiments identified a consensus class of 214 genes (43 up- and 171 downregulated transcripts), expression of which was altered at least twofold in the same direction in all the cell lines relative to NPE cells. To validate the relevance of altered expression behavior of these genes for human prostate cancer, their expression pattern was evaluated in multiple additional experimental and clinical settings. Expression of 170 of these 214 genes (79%) was altered in the same direction in vivo in experimental human prostate tumors in mice. Similarly, the expression of 151 of the 214 genes (71%) was altered in the same direction in M12 cells, a variant of an SV40 large T antigen transformed normal human prostate epithelial cell line selected for increased malignancy in vivo. In clinical samples of human prostate tumors, the changes in transcript expression levels of majority of these genes (85% of downregulated and 76% of upregulated transcripts) are consistent with alterations of their expression pattern in xenograft-derived cancer cell lines. These results imply that the expression pattern of a large class of genes is consistently altered in multiple experimental models and clinical samples of human prostate cancer and underscore the potential relevance of the xenograft models and cell lines derived from them for expression analysis studies relevant to human cancer.

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