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Enzyme. 1992;46(1-3):139-54.

Functional hepatocellular heterogeneity for the production of plasma proteins.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire, INSERM U327, Faculté de Médecine Xavier-Bichat, Paris, France.

Abstract

It is now well established that hepatocytes are the main liver cells responsible for the synthesis of plasma proteins produced by the liver. That these cells are not specialized in the production of the different plasma proteins is also well established. Presently the point still debated is whether a functional hepatocellular heterogeneity exists for plasma protein synthesis as for many other hepatocyte functions. Several physiological and pathological situations suggest that this heterogeneity takes place in the hepatocytes of two opposite hepatic lobular zones, the periportal and centrilobular zones. However, this zonal difference, which supposes different regulatory mechanisms, must be confirmed by techniques other than the now classical immunocytochemistry or the in situ hybridization technique recently proposed for the demonstration of mRNAs in hepatocytes. Another hepatocellular heterogeneity, the intercellular heterogeneity, which can be observed in the same lobular zone, is more difficult to analyze, but shows that from hepatocyte to hepatocyte a variation exists in the synthesis of a given plasma protein.

PMID:
1289079
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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