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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1992 Dec;18(3):197-206.

Therapeutical concentrations of tolbutamide, glibenclamide, gliclazide and gliquidone at different glucose levels: in vitro effects on pancreatic A- and B-cell function.

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Istituti di Clinica Medica I, Università di Perugia, Italy.


In the classical model of isolated perfused rat pancreas four commonly used sulfonylureas--tolbutamide, glibenclamide, gliquidone and gliclazide--were investigated at therapeutical concentrations at three different glucose levels (with 0, 2.22 and 5 mmol/l glucose surrounding) and in the presence of a metabolic stimulus with glucose at 8.33 mmol/l. All the sulfonylureas stimulated the B-cell function. Tolbutamide, gliquidone and gliclazide produced a prompt biphasic hormone release while glibenclamide induced a delayed monophasic insulin secretion. In all cases the amount of insulin released depended on the metabolic condition. As the environmental glucose levels fell, the sulfonylureas' stimulatory effect on the B-cell function decreased. At the therapeutical concentrations we tested, no sulfonylurea influenced A-cell activity whether directly or indirectly via an insulin-mediated paracrine inhibition of glucagon release.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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