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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2003 Sep-Oct;37(2):157-72.

Comparison of two functional independence scales with a participation measure in post-stroke rehabilitation.

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Sherbrooke Geriatric University Institute, Sherbrooke, Québec J1H 4C4, Canada.


The objectives of the study were to compare the association and responsiveness of the functional autonomy measurement system (SMAF) and functional independence measure (FIM) as outcome measures addressing functional independence in stroke patients involved in an intensive rehabilitation program and to compare their relationships with a social participation measure after rehabilitation period. One hundred and thirty-two people who had a stroke were evaluated with the SMAF and FIM during the rehabilitation period (T1: admission; T2: discharge; n=132) and twice after discharge (T3=2 weeks; n=118; T4=6 months later; n=102). At T3 and T4, a participation measure, the assessment of life habits (LIFE-H), was added. The main findings are: (1) the total scores on the SMAF and FIM are strongly correlated together (r=0.93 to 0.95; p<0.001); 2) the responsiveness of both functional independence scales is similar even though the SMAF total score is more responsive to change than the FIM total score (standardized response mean: 1.20 vs. 0.97; p<0.01); (3) the SMAF and FIM are related similarly to the daily activities domain of the participation scale; and finally (4) the social roles domain of the participation scale is less related to the SMAF and MIF than the daily activities domain; however, the SMAF score is more related to the social roles domain than the MIF. Our results support the need to use supplementary measures, such as participation measure, that cover not only physical function but also the other domains of participation, such as interpersonal relationships and leisure, that can be disrupted following a stroke.

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