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Genet Test. 2003 Summer;7(2):113-21.

Sialic acid storage disease and related disorders.

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Northern Health Centre, London WC1E 7HX, England, UK.


This paper gives an overview of the two sialic acid storage disorders, Salla disease and infantile sialic acid storage disease, and the related disorders cystinosis, sialuria, sialidosis, and galactosialidosis. Sialic acid storage disease and cystinosis are models for a deficient lysosomal transport of monosaccharides and amino acids, respectively. Several gene mutations leading to the production of the faulty membrane proteins sialin and cystinosin have been identified in recent years. Knowledge of the underlying pathophysiology is a prerequisite for future research projects, which will focus on the expression of the disease genes in living systems and the physical characterization of these proteins by X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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