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Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Aug 1;37(3):452-5. Epub 2003 Jul 22.

Five years' experience of reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in daily diagnosis of enterovirus and rhinovirus infections.

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Department of Virology, University of Turku, FIN-20520 Turku, Finland.


To determine the efficiency of reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays currently used in diagnosing enterovirus and rhinovirus infections, we compared results obtained with RT-PCR methods, which detect both enteroviruses and rhinoviruses simultaneously, with results obtained by conventional virus isolation. Both tests were performed on 591 specimens: 38 samples (6%) had positive results by both RT-PCR and isolation, 90 samples (15%) had positive results by RT-PCR only, and 7 samples (1%) had positive results only by virus isolation. In conclusion, RT-PCR was superior in rapidity and sensitivity to virus isolation and is recommended as the primary diagnostic tool for enterovirus and rhinovirus infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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