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Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Aug 1;37(3):438-47. Epub 2003 Jul 22.

Response of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy to vaccination with 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine.

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Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.


Whether highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) impacts responses to 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PV) is not known. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels for 6 capsular polysaccharides in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who had received > or =6 months of HAART were measured either after their first dose of PV (n=46) or after revaccination (n=41); control subjects had never received HAART and had received the first dose of PV (n=38). There were no significant differences in pre- or postvaccination IgG levels among these groups but for 1 capsular polysaccharide. The 3 groups had significant postvaccination increases in IgG levels to all capsular polysaccharides. The control group had a greater number of 2-fold responses than did the combined HAART groups (P<.05). Patients with a CD4 cell count of > or =200 cells/mm3 had a greater number of 2-fold responses than did those with a CD4 cell count of <200 cells/mm3 (P<.05). For revaccinated patients, postvaccination IgG levels were correlated with the CD4 cell count at the initial vaccination. The immunogenicity of PV among patients receiving long-term HAART is modest. It seems best to immunize HIV-infected patients early in the course of disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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