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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2003 Aug;62(2-3):244-55. Epub 2003 Mar 20.

Fermentation characteristics and protein expression patterns in a recombinant Escherichia coli mutant lacking phosphoglucose isomerase for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) production.

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Department of Biochemical Engineering and Science, Kyushu Institute of Technology, 820-8502, Iizuka, Fukuoka, Japan.


For the efficient production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) using recombinant Escherichia coli, it is of primal importance to overproduce NADPH, which is necessary for the PHB synthetic pathway. In order to overproduce NADPH in the pentose phosphate (PP) pathway, a recombinant E. coli was constructed in which the phosphoglucose isomerase ( pgi) gene was knocked out to force the carbon flow into the PP pathway. The fermentation characteristics of the recombinant E. coli mutant lacking pgi were then investigated to determine the effect of overproduction of NADPH on efficient PHB production. It was found that, compared with the parent strain ( E. coli JM109), growth of the E. coli mutant lacking pgi ( E. coli DF11) is repressed due to NADPH overproduction in the PP pathway. Furthermore, repressed cell growth can be recovered to some extent by introducing a NADPH-consuming pathway, such as the PHB synthetic pathway. Efficient PHB production using such recombinant E. coli (DF11/pAeKG1) could be attained by appropriately controlling the glucose concentration in the fermentor. Total gene expression was investigated at the protein level by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Out of 22 differentially expressed proteins, 12 were identified with the aid of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Variations in the accumulation of PHB in the recombinant pgi mutant carrying phb (E. coli DF11/pAeKG1) corresponded to the expression of proteins encoded by rpsA, znuA, fabD, potD, fkpA, gapA, ynaF and ibpA. The unfavorable conditions generated by PHB accumulation in the pgi mutant carrying phb resulted in the highest expression of 30S ribosomal protein S1, which ultimately caused a further increase in soluble protein synthesis.

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