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J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 2002 Oct;7(4):385-93.

The application of 2D gel-based proteomics methods to the study of breast cancer.

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Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research & Department of Oncology, University College London, London, United Kingdom.


The protein complement of breast cells consists of many thousands of proteins. Recent developments in 2D gel electrophoresis technology have made studies requiring the quantitative analysis of a differential proteome, such as comparison between normal and malignant cells or investigation of drug effects on cells, truly feasible. Computer software plays a central part in the comparisons between multiple gels required for such experiments. In addition, software tools allow patterns of coexpression of proteins to be studied, offering potential insights into protein regulation, interactions, and functions, especially when combined with complementary data on gene expression. In this paper, the technology and limitations of 2D gel-based proteomics are reviewed. Techniques for comparing sets of gels at a global level as well as identifying specific protein features that differentiate gels are discussed. Our own experience of studying the breast cell proteome is used to illustrate the difficulties and achievements of differential proteomics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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