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Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2003 Jul;31(3):144-8.

Energy availability, not body fatness, regulates reproductive function in women.

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1
Department of Biological Sciences, Ohio University, Athens 45701-2979, USA. loucks@ohiou.edu

Abstract

The morbid consequences of menstrual disorders in athletes require medical diagnosis and treatment. Reproductive disruption appears to occur when energy availability (dietary energy intake minus exercise energy expenditure) falls below a threshold between 20 and 30 kcal x kgLBM(-1) x d(-1), and some women may be more severely affected than others by subthreshold energy availability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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