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J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2003 Feb;49(1):56-63.

Anti-obesity effects of a mixture of thiamin, arginine, caffeine, and citric acid in non-insulin dependent diabetic KK mice.

Author information

1
Research and Development Section, Takeda Food Products Ltd., 3-20 Imoji, Itami 664-0011, Japan. k_muroyama@mti.biglobe.ne.jp

Abstract

Anti-obesity effects of a mixture of thiamin, arginine, caffeine, and citric acid (TACC) were investigated in non-insulin dependent diabetic KK mice. Feeding of either arginine or caffeine significantly suppressed an increase in hepatic lipid contents in fasted-refed KK mice. In addition, each component admixed with a low-calorie diet effectively reduced adipose tissue weight in KK mice previously fed a high-calorie diet. The decrease in adipose tissue weight was greater with a mixture of arginine and caffeine, and much greater with TACC than with arginine or caffeine alone. Moreover, plasma insulin concentration was significantly lower in mice fed TACC than in control mice. The anti-obesity effects of TACC were also shown when it was supplemented with a tea beverage. Adipose tissue weight, hepatic triglyceride contents, and plasma insulin concentration were significantly lower in mice given TACC-supplemented tea than in control mice. These results suggest that TACC is effective in reducing adipose tissue mass as well as improving disorders in lipid metabolism.

PMID:
12882397
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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