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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2003 Dec;285(6):H2454-62. Epub 2003 Jul 24.

Inhibition of L-type Ca2+ current by C-type natriuretic peptide in bullfrog atrial myocytes: an NPR-C-mediated effect.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Dr. NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 4N1.


Single atrial myocytes were isolated from the bullfrog heart and studied under current and voltage clamp conditions to determine the electrophysiological effects of the C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP). CNP (10(-8) M) significantly shortened the action potential and reduced its peak amplitude after the application of isoproteronol (10(-7) M). In voltage clamp studies, CNP inhibited isoproteronol-stimulated L-type Ca2+ current (ICa) without any significant effect on the inward rectifier K+ current. The effects of cANF (10(-8) M), a selective agonist of the natriuretic peptide C receptor (NPR-C), were very similar to those of CNP. Moreover, HS-142-1, an antagonist of the guanylyl cyclase-linked NPR-A and NPR-B receptors did not alter the inhibitory effect of CNP on ICa. Inclusion of cAMP in the recording pipette to stimulate ICa at a point downstream from adenylyl cyclase increased ICa, but this effect was not inhibited by cANF. These results provide the first demonstration that CNP can inhibit ICa after binding to NPR-C, and suggest that this inhibition involves a decrease in adenylyl cyclase activity, which leads to reduced intracellular levels of cAMP.

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