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Ann Hum Biol. 2003 Jul-Aug;30(4):380-91.

Cross-calibration of eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis versus dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy subjects aged 21-82 years.

Author information

1
Department of Hygiene, Microbiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Abstract

AIM:

To calibrate eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy adults.

RESEARCH DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study was carried out.

SUBJECTS:

Sixty-eight females and 42 males aged 21-82 years participated in the study.

METHODS:

Whole-body fat-free mass (FFM) and appendicular lean tissue mass (LTM) were measured by DXA; resistance (R) of arms, trunk and legs was measured by eight-polar BIA at frequencies of 5, 50, 250 and 500 kHz; whole-body resistance was calculated as the sum R of arms, trunk and legs.

RESULTS:

The resistance index (RI), i.e. the height(2)/resistance ratio, was the best predictor of FFM and appendicular LTM. As compared with weight (Wt), RI at 500 kHz explained 35% more variance of FFM (vs 0.57), 45% more variance of LTM(arm) (vs 0.48) and 36% more variance of LTM(leg) (vs 0.50) (p < 0.0001 for all). The contribution of age to the unexplained variance of FFM and appendicular LTM was nil or negligible and the RI x sex interactions were either not significant or not important on practical grounds. The percent root mean square error of the estimate was 6% for FFM and 8% for LTM(arm) and LTM(leg).

CONCLUSION:

Eight-polar BIA offers accurate estimates of total and appendicular body composition. The attractive hypothesis that eight-polar BIA is influenced minimally by age and sex should be tested on larger samples including younger individuals.

PMID:
12881138
DOI:
10.1080/0301446031000095211
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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