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J Insect Physiol. 2003 Aug;49(8):777-84.

Selection for high diapause incidence in blow flies (Calliphora vicina) maintained under long days increases the maternal critical daylength: some consequences for the photoperiodic clock.

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Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, Scotland, UK.


Using a population of Calliphora vicina from southern Scotland (55 degrees N), showing a critical day length for maternal induction of diapause of about 14.5 h per day, strains of flies were selected for a high incidence of larval diapause under long day length (LD 16:8 h). Diapause incidence was raised from under 10% to almost 100% within five or six generations. The selected flies showed an increase in their critical day length to over 16 h per day, and a high incidence of larval diapause under very long photophases. Selected flies, however, showed mean circadian periods for locomotor activity little different from the original stock, or from flies selected for high diapause under LD 12:12 h, and a Nanda-Hamner profile lacking peaks and troughs of diapause incidence at about 24 h intervals. These results are interpreted to show that the photoperiodic regulation of diapause and the control of overt behavioural rhythmicity are 'separate' physiological systems.

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