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J Insect Physiol. 2003 Aug;49(8):719-26.

Effects of cold- and heat hardening on thermal resistance in Drosophila melanogaster.

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Department of Genetics and Ecology, University of Aarhus, Ny Munkegade, Bldg. 540, 8000 Aarhus, C, Denmark.


The effects of cold- and heat hardening on resistance to both low and high temperature stress was examined in Drosophila melanogaster lines selected for resistance to either cold or heat. The hardening effect was positive when the hardening was of the same type as the stress in all selection regimes. The effect of cold hardening on survival after heat stress was further examined in the lines selected for cold resistance and corresponding controls. A cross-protection effect (increased heat resistance after cold hardening) was present and this effect was lower in the lines selected for resistance to cold than in the controls. The level of Hsp70 expression induced by a non-lethal cold hardening was examined, showing that cold hardening induced Hsp70 expression. The results suggest that the cross-protection effect is at least partly due to Hsp70 expression induced by cold exposure.

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