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Vision Res. 1992 Oct;32(10):1941-6.

Dynamic noise backgrounds facilitate target fading.

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Neurologische Universitäts-Klinik, Abteilung für Neurophysiologie, Freiburg, Germany.


With strict fixation, a small uniform target of medium contrast, placed at 10 deg eccentricity, faded much faster when presented on a dynamic random noise background than on either a static random noise background or a uniform background of the same luminance. Time to first disappearance was between 10 and 16 sec when the background was dynamic, 26 sec when it was static, and 57 sec when it was uniform. Times were shortest for temporal noise frequencies of the background between 3.5 and 15 Hz. These findings are unexpected: the frequent change of pixel contrast at the edge of the target should perceptually enhance the border, make it less susceptible to local adaptation, and prevent fading. Instead, dynamic random noise facilitates, rather than suppresses fading. Three potential mechanisms are discussed: edge perturbation, jerk effect and surround induction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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