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J Assist Reprod Genet. 2003 Jun;20(6):241-7.

Serum inhibin B correlates with successful ovulation in infertile women.

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1
Department of Pediatric, Obstetric and Reproductive Medicine, Chair of Obstetric and Gynecology, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate whether inhibin B and activin A serum and follicular fluid levels in infertile women undergoing induction of superovulation correlate with successful ovulation.

METHODS:

Infertile women (n = 16) (30-43 years of age) undergoing induction of superovulation for assisted reproduction were studied. A blood sample was collected before and days 3, 8, and 12 during the induction of superovulation. A follicular fluid sample at the time of ovarian pick up was also collected. Serum and follicular fluid were assayed for inhibin B, activin A, and estradiol.

RESULTS:

According to the successful follicular development women were divided in two groups: (A) responders (n = 10) and (B) poor responders (n = 6). Women of group A showed mean follicular fluid inhibin B levels higher than in group B (P = 0.001), while no significant difference for activin A levels was found. During induction of superovulation serum activin A levels did not change in both groups of women, while inhibin B and estradiol levels significantly increase only in responder women (P < 0.001). Serum inhibin B and estradiol levels correlated with follicles developed > or = 10 mm (P = 0.000).

CONCLUSIONS:

Serum inhibin B is an effective marker of follicular development in infertile women undergoing induction of superovulation, and may represent a further marker for ovarian follicular capacity.

PMID:
12877256
PMCID:
PMC3455320
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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