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Acta Otolaryngol. 2003 Jun;123(5):664-8.

Latent membrane protein-1 oncogene deletions in nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Caucasian patients.

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Otolaryngology Department, Fundación Hospital Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain.



The latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transforming protein expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). A 30-bp deletion in the LMP-1 oncogene has been described in NPC patients from Asia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between NPC and such an EBV deletion in Caucasian patients.


Twenty-seven patients with a diagnosis of NPC were selected. Most of the NPCs were classified as Stages III and IV using the International Union Against Cancer system. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded NPC specimens were found for these cases. Hematoxylin-eosin slides were reviewed and survival analysis was done using the log-rank method. In situ hybridization for EBV-encoded non-polyadenylated RNAs and expression of LMP-1 by means of immunohistochemistry was also performed. Polymerase chain reaction for LMP-1 oncogene analysis was performed to detect the presence of a 30-bp deletion in NPC specimens and EBV-related controls


The 30-bp deletion was identified in 67% of NPC cases and in 30% of controls, a statistically significant difference (p = 0.01, chi2 test). LMP-1 deletion was not statistically associated with a worse prognosis in NPC patients (5-year survival: 33% in wild-LMP-1 strains vs 24% in deleted-LMP-1 strains; p = 0.053, log-rank test).


A 30-bp deletion in the LMP-1 oncogene is present in more than half of Caucasian NPC cases EBV carrying partial deletions in the LMP-1 oncogene may play a role in the pathogenesis of NPC in Caucasian patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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