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Cardiol Clin. 2003 May;21(2):147-58.

Progress toward a global understanding of infective endocarditis. Lessons from the International Collaboration on Endocarditis.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Box 3850, Duke University Medical Center, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC 27710, USA.

Erratum in

  • Cardiol Clin. 2003 Aug;21(3):483.


In the century and a quarter since William Osler delivered his famed Gulstonian lectures on endocarditis, continual advancements have been made in understanding and treating this disease. Here we have reviewed some key aspects of current knowledge in the areas of population epidemiology, host factors, microorganisms, and diagnosis. The advent of the ICE investigation provides the opportunity to further expand our understanding of IE by developing a very large, global database of IE patients whose clinical, echocardiographic, and microbiologic findings have been characterized with standard methodology. Further, ICE may serve as a rich source of material for investigators seeking to perform specific studies. Finally, the ICE infrastructure creates the opportunity for performing randomized trials to test therapeutic strategies. Although many obstacles remain to be overcome, ICE has created the opportunity for a quantum leap in our knowledge of IE over the next 25 years.

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