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Bioinformatics. 2003 Jul 22;19(11):1341-7.

Quantitative quality control in microarray experiments and the application in data filtering, normalization and false positive rate prediction.

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1
Max McGee National Research Center for Juvenile Diabetes, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA. xujing@mcw.edu

Abstract

Data preprocessing including proper normalization and adequate quality control before complex data mining is crucial for studies using the cDNA microarray technology. We have developed a simple procedure that integrates data filtering and normalization with quantitative quality control of microarray experiments. Previously we have shown that data variability in a microarray experiment can be very well captured by a quality score q(com) that is defined for every spot, and the ratio distribution depends on q(com). Utilizing this knowledge, our data-filtering scheme allows the investigator to decide on the filtering stringency according to desired data variability, and our normalization procedure corrects the q(com)-dependent dye biases in terms of both the location and the spread of the ratio distribution. In addition, we propose a statistical model for false positive rate determination based on the design and the quality of a microarray experiment. The model predicts that a lower limit of 0.5 for the replicate concordance rate is needed in order to be certain of true positives. Our work demonstrates the importance and advantages of having a quantitative quality control scheme for microarrays.

PMID:
12874045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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