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Anesth Analg. 2003 Aug;97(2):424-9, table of contents.

Propofol-induced anesthesia in mice is mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid-A and excitatory amino acid receptors.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Hiroshima University School of Dentistry, Hiroshima, Japan. mirifun@hiroshima-u.ac.jp

Abstract

To elucidate the role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(A) receptor complex and excitatory amino acid receptors (N-methyl-D-aspartate [NMDA] and non-NMDA receptors) in propofol-induced anesthesia, we examined behaviorally the effects of GABAergic and glutamatergic drugs on propofol anesthesia in mice. All drugs were administered intraperitoneally. General anesthetic potencies were evaluated using a righting reflex assay. The GABA(A) receptor agonist muscimol potentiated propofol (140 mg/kg; 50% effective dose for loss of righting reflex) induced anesthesia. Similarly, the benzodiazepine receptor agonist diazepam and the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 augmented propofol anesthesia, but the non-NMDA receptor antagonist CNQX did not. In contrast, the GABA(A) receptor antagonist bicuculline antagonized propofol (200 mg/kg; 95% effective dose for loss of righting reflex) induced anesthesia. However, neither the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil, the GABA synthesis inhibitor L-allylglycine, nor the NMDA receptor agonist NMDA reversed propofol anesthesia. Conversely, the non-NMDA receptor agonist kainate enhanced propofol anesthesia. These results suggest that propofol-induced anesthesia is mediated, at least in part, by both GABA(A) and excitatory amino acid receptors.

IMPLICATIONS:

We examined behaviorally the effects of GABAergic and glutamatergic drugs on propofol-induced anesthesia in mice. The results suggest that propofol anesthesia is mediated, at least in part, by both GABA(A) and excitatory amino acid receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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