Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diabet Med. 2003 Aug;20(8):642-5.

Decreased insulin requirement in relation to GFR in nephropathic Type 1 and insulin-treated Type 2 diabetic patients.

Author information

1
2nd Department of Medicine, Section Endocrinology and Diabetes, General Hospital Linz, Linz, Austria. georg.biesenbach@akh.linz.at

Abstract

AIMS:

In the presence of impaired renal function, patients require less insulin mainly because insulin clearance is prolonged. The aim of this study was to evaluate the insulin requirement related to glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in nephropathic Type 1 and Type 2 diabetic patients.

METHODS:

In a retrospective study we compared insulin requirement in 20 nephropathic Type 1 diabetic patients and 20 insulin-treated Type 2 diabetic patients from the onset of overt nephropathy until the final stage of renal disease. All patients had proteinuria > 0.5 g/24 h and creatinine clearance >/= 80 ml/min per 1.73 m2 at baseline. Creatinine clearance, urinary protein excretion, glycated haemoglobin and the required insulin doses were determined 3- to 6-monthly, basal C-peptide was measured at the beginning and the end of the observation period. The required insulin doses were evaluated at creatinine clearance rates of 80, 60, 40, 20 and 10 ml/min per 1.73 m2 (or at the initiation of dialysis treatment).

RESULTS:

The insulin requirement of patients with Type 1 diabetes was reduced from 0.72 +/- 0.16 IU/kg per day at a creatinine clearance rate of 80 ml/min, to 0.45 +/- 0.13 IU/kg per day at a creatinine clearance rate of 10 ml/min (decrement of 38%, P < 0.001). The insulin dose required by Type 2 diabetic patients was reduced from 0.68 +/- 0.28 IU/kg per day at a creatinine clearance rate of 80 ml/min to 0.33 +/- 0.19 IU/kg per day at a clearance rate of 10 ml/min (decrement 51%, P < 0.001). The fall in GFR, urinary protein excretion and glycated haemoglobin levels was similar in the two groups. In patients with Type 2 diabetes, C-peptide levels at the beginning and the end of renal function impairment were 2.2 (0.4-7.3) vs. 2.7 (0.1-4.9) ng/ml (NS). The reduction in insulin requirement was approximately the same in patients with an initial C-peptide level < 1.0 and in those >/= 1.0 ng/ml (decrement 57% vs. 46%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The reduction in insulin requirement in renal insufficiency is similar in Type 1 and insulin-treated Type 2 diabetic patients. In subjects with Type 2 diabetes, the residual insulin secretion has no impact on the reduction in insulin requirement dependent on the GFR.

PMID:
12873291
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center