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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2003 Aug;2(8):506-24. Epub 2003 Jul 18.

Proteomic analysis of an extreme halophilic archaeon, Halobacterium sp. NRC-1.

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Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98103, USA.


Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 insoluble membrane and soluble cytoplasmic proteins were isolated by ultracentrifugation of whole cell lysate. Using an ion trap mass spectrometer equipped with a C18 trap electrospray ionization emitter/micro-liquid chromatography column, a number of trypsin-generated peptide tags from 426 unique proteins were identified. This represents approximately one-fifth of the theoretical proteome of Halobacterium. Of these, 232 proteins were found only in the soluble fraction, 165 were only in the insoluble membrane fraction, and 29 were in both fractions. There were 72 and 61% previously annotated proteins identified in the soluble and membrane protein fractions, respectively. Interestingly, 57 of previously unannotated proteins found only in Halobacterium NRC-1 were identified. Such proteins could be interesting targets for understanding unique physiology of Halobacterium NRC-1. A group of proteins involved in various metabolic pathways were identified among the expressed proteins, suggesting these pathways were active at the time the cells were collected. This data containing a list of expressed proteins, their cellular locations, and biological functions could be used in future studies to investigate the interaction of the genes and proteins in relation to genetic or environmental perturbations.

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