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J Thromb Haemost. 2003 Apr;1(4):821-8.

Desmopressin (DDAVP) induces NO production in human endothelial cells via V2 receptor- and cAMP-mediated signaling.

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1
Division of Clinical Biochemistry, and Department of Geriatric Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

The hemostatic agent desmopressin (DDAVP) also has strong vasodilatory effects. DDAVP is a selective agonist for the vasopressin V2 receptor (V2R), which is coupled to cAMP-dependent signaling. DDAVP-induced vasodilation may be due to endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activation. This hypothesis implies cAMP-mediated eNOS activation. It also implies wide extrarenal, endothelial V2R expression. We show that in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) the cAMP-raising agents forskolin and epinephrine increase NO production, as measured by a l-NMMA-inhibitable rise in cellular cGMP content. They also increase eNOS enzymatic activity, in a partly calcium-independent manner. cAMP-mediated eNOS activation is associated with phosphorylation of residue Ser1177, in a phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-independent manner. HUVECs do not express V2R. However, after heterologous V2R expression, DDAVP induces cAMP-dependent eNOS activation via Ser1177 phosphorylation. We have previously found V2R expression in cultured lung endothelial cells. By real time quantitative RT-PCR, we now find a wide V2R distribution notably in heart, lung and skeletal muscle. These results indicate that DDAVP and other cAMP-raising agents can activate eNOS via PI3K-independent Ser1177 phosphorylation in human endothelial cells. This mechanism most likely accounts for DDAVP-induced vasodilation.

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