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Metabolism. 2003 Jul;52(7):939-44.

Skeletal muscle interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha release in healthy subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes at rest and during exercise.

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Skeletal Muscle Research Laboratory, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.


To examine the influence of type 2 diabetes on cytokine release from the leg at rest and during exercise, 9 male type 2 diabetics (D) and 8 age-, gender-, Vo2peak-, weight- and body mass index (BMI)-matched control subjects (C) were studied before and after 25 minutes of supine bicycle exercise at 60% Vo2peak. Blood samples were obtained from a femoral artery and vein from 1 limb, and plasma was analyzed for glucose and the cytokines, interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Leg blood flow (LBF) was measured by thermodilution in the femoral vein, and net leg IL-6, TNF-alpha, and glucose balance were calculated as the product of LBF and femoral arteriovenous (fa-v) glucose, IL-6, and TNF-alpha difference. Arterial plasma glucose and IL-6 were higher (P<.05) at rest in D compared with C, but there were no differences in arterial TNF-alpha concentrations at rest when comparing groups. Despite measurable arterial levels of both IL-6 and TNF-alpha in both groups at rest, there was not net leg release of either cytokine at rest. Exercise increased (P<.05) IL-6 release and glucose uptake in both D and C, and contracting leg glucose uptake was similar when comparing D with C. While not significant, there was a trend (P=.1) for augmented exercise-induced IL-6 release in D compared with C. In contrast, exercise did not result in TNF-alpha release in either D or C. These data demonstrate that basal circulating TNF-alpha is not elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes when matched for BMI with control subjects. The results also suggest that neither type 2 diabetic nor healthy skeletal muscle releases these cytokines at rest, indicating that organs other than skeletal muscle contribute to the elevated basal IL-6 in type 2 diabetics. In contrast with IL-6, exercise does not result in the release of TNF-alpha from the contracting limbs of either healthy subjects or patients with type 2 diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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