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Metabolism. 2003 Jul;52(7):885-94.

Insulin secretion after short- and long-term low-grade free fatty acid infusion in men with increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

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Department of Endocrinology, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.


We studied the effect of a low-grade short- and long-term 20% Intralipid infusion (0.4 mL(-1) x kg(-1) x h(-1)) on insulin secretion and insulin action in 15 elderly obese men; 7 glucose intolerant first-degree relatives of type 2 diabetic patients (impaired glucose tolerance [IGT] relatives) and 8 healthy controls of similar age and body mass index (BMI). Intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) and a graded glucose infusion (dose-response test [DORE]) were performed to determine first phase insulin response and to explore the dose response relationship between glucose concentration and insulin secretion rates (ISR). ISR were calculated by deconvolution of plasma C-peptide concentrations. Insulin action was determined by performing a 120-minute hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. All tests were performed 3 times, preceded by 0, 2, or 24 hours Intralipid infusion. Disposition indices (DI) were calculated for the IVGTT. Insulin action was reduced 25% after 2 and 24 hours Intralipid infusion in both groups. In IGT relatives, the beta-cell responsiveness to glucose (measured during DORE) decreased after 2 and 24 hours Intralipid infusion (P=.02), whereas first phase insulin response (measured during IVGTT) decreased after 24 hours Intralipid infusion. Insulin secretion measured during DORE and IVGTT was not affected by Intralipid infusion in controls. DI decreased after 2 and 24 hours Intralipid infusion in the total study population. In conclusion, insulin resistance induced by low-grade short- and long-term Intralipid infusion is not balanced by an adequate compensatory increase in insulin secretion in IGT relatives or in matched controls. IGT relatives appear to be more sensitive to the deleterious effects of low-grade fat infusion on insulin secretion than normal glucose tolerant control subjects.

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