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Cell Death Differ. 2003 Aug;10(8):889-98.

The selection between apoptosis and necrosis is differentially regulated in hydrogen peroxide-treated and glutathione-depleted human promonocytic cells.

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Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain.


Treatment with 0.2 mM hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) or with 0.5 mM cisplatin caused caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation and death by apoptosis in U-937 human promonocytic cells. However, treatment with 2 mM H(2)O(2), or incubation with the glutathione suppressor DL-buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO) prior to treatment with cisplatin, suppressed caspase activation and changed the mode of death to necrosis. Treatment with 2 mM H(2)O(2) caused a great decrease in the intracellular ATP level, which was partially prevented by 3-aminobenzamide (3-ABA). Correspondingly, 3-ABA restored the activation of caspases and the execution of apoptosis. By contrast, BSO plus cisplatin did not decrease the ATP levels, and the generation of necrosis by this treatment was not affected by 3-ABA. On the other hand, while all apoptosis-inducing treatments and treatment with 2 mM H(2)O(2) caused Bax translocation from the cytosol to mitochondria as well as cytochrome c release from mitochondria to the cytosol, treatment with BSO plus cisplatin did not. Treatment with cisplatin alone caused Bid cleavage, while BSO plus cisplatin as well as 0.2 and 2 mM H(2)O(2) did not. Bcl-2 overexpression reduced the generation of necrosis by H(2)O(2), but not by BSO plus cisplatin. These results indicate the existence of different apoptosis/necrosis regulatory mechanisms in promonocytic cells subjected to different forms of oxidative stress.

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